MainBloq expands digital asset trading infrastructure cloud team into the EU and UK

MainBloq, a digital asset connectivity platform connecting customers to exchanges and OTCs around the world, has expanded its presence within the United Kingdom and European Union, which will be headed by UK based Mr. Larry Grant.

“We are thrilled about the MainBloq expansion into Europe and the addition of Mr. Grant to our team,” said MainBloq CEO Ryan Kuiken. “I’ve known Larry for years, and his knowledge and connections in this space are truly second to none. I am confident that Larry will become another valuable member of our team in short order.”

Mr. Grant’s experience includes being the Managing Director of Tick Trend, LTD since 2011 and being Co-Founder and COO of Argentium Digital Asset Management since 2020.

Mr. Grant’s Objectives with MB Europe will include

  • ●  Taking the lead on all sales, support, and marketing activities relating to UK/EU clients
  • ●  Using his knowledge and skillset to grow the business, brand, and awareness in UK/EU
  • ●  Growing the team and leading expansion efforts to help us better serve our clients around
    the world.
  • ●  Ensuring client success from testing through deployment.

“I am looking forward to this opportunity,” said newly appointed head of MB Europe, Larry Grant. “I’ve known the MainBloq folks for years and I am confident that with my skill set in business development, strategy, and trading, coupled with their superior trading technology, we can rapidly grow the sales pipeline for MB by delivering real value to funds, family offices, and others in the asset management and trading space.”

About Fernhill:

Fernhill Corp is a Web3 holding company focused on developing and acquiring companies in crypto currency mining, digital asset trading, NFTs, DeFi and the Metaverse that form the foundation of the tokenized economy. Fernhill is a Signatory Member of the Crypto Climate Accord (CCA). For all official Fernhill corporate information, please refer to our filings, news and updates on the following resources:

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Any other links are not official & should be taken as such nor have anything to do with Fernhill Corp or its subsidiaries.

About MainBloq:

MainBloq, a Fernhill Company ($FERN), is a digital asset connectivity platform connecting to leading exchanges to serve the needs of clients around the world. MainBloq offers a modular platform including a smart order router, a suite of algorithmic tools, FIX / SOCKETS / REST gateway, sub-accounts for exchanges, and consulting services to help banks and hedge funds execute on their trading strategies. For more information please visit MainBloq Website:

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Forward-Looking Statements: This release includes 'forward-looking statements' within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Certain statements set forth in this press release constitute 'forward-looking statements.' Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, any statement that may predict, forecast, indicate, or imply future results, performance or achievements, and may contain the words 'estimate', 'project', 'intend', 'forecast', 'anticipate', 'plan', 'planning', 'expect', 'believe', 'will likely', 'should', 'could', 'would', 'may' or words or expressions of similar meaning. Such statements are not guaranteeing of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause the company's actual results and financial position to differ materially from those included within the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including those relating to the Company's ability to grow its business. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. The potential risks and uncertainties include, among others, the Company's limited operating history, the limited financial resources, domestic or global economic conditions, competition, changes in technology and methods of marketing, delays in completing various engineering and manufacturing programs, changes in customer order patterns, changes in product mix, continued success in technological advances and delivering technological innovations, shortages in components, production delays due to performance quality issues with outsourced vendors, services or components, and various other factors beyond the Company's control.

This Week in Digital Asset Headlines - June 21st, 2021

We find the most important headlines in digital assets for the week and give you our take. This week's themes were institutional adoption and regulation, here are your headlines for June 21st, 2021:


Synopsis: Goldman Sachs has expanded their offerings to clients to include Ether options and futures to go along with their Bitcoin offerings.

Theme: Institutional Adoption

Our Take: It's a great signal that the institutions who have dipped their toes into digital assets have expanded their offerings to their clients.



Synopsis : The SEC, who has signaled that they may rule on regulations surrounding Crypto ETFs in the past few months, have announced they will not be releasing guidance this year.

Theme: Regulation

Our take: We believe any digital asset ETF will be a positive for the industry as it will allow a wider adoption via more traditional on-ramps for institutions and retail.



Synopsis: Hedge funds plan to ramp up their crypto holdings to more than 7% of assets by 2026, a survey showed.

Theme: Institutional adoption

Our take: Hedge funds love the volatility and opportunity for alpha that digital assets presents. We believe as the market continues to mature this number will be larger.



Synopsis: Representatives from India, Italy, China, and even Mark Cuban have called for regulation amid a volatile few weeks in the crypto markets.

Theme: Regulation

Our take: The time for regulation is now. We must establish the rules of the road if the market is going to mature.


About Mainbloq

Mainbloq is a data, research, and technology company focusing on blockchain and digital assets. Mainbloq offers a suite of trading tools, including smart order routing and trading algorithms for hedge funds, traders, and some of the world’s largest banks. For more information visit

This Week in Digital Asset Headlines - June 14th, 2021

We find the most important headlines in digital assets for the week and give you our take. This week's themes were institutional adoption and regulation, here are your headlines for June 14th, 2021:


Synopsis: JP Morgan, State Street, and Interactive Brokers have announced separate entries into digital assets. This adds to a growing list of companies who have dipped their toes into digital assets including Morgan Stanley and BlackRock, BNY Mellon, and Goldman Sachs.

Theme: Institutional Adoption

Our Take: As cryptocurrency matures we anticipate more and more growth in institutional clients. We believe that the increase in institutional clients will call for a maturation of infrastructure throughout the industry. We're still in the early nineties of the world wide web.



Synopsis : Coinbase has over 8,000 institutional clients holding over $120B in assets.

Theme: Institutional Adoption

Our take: Bull markets are hard to ignore, nobody wants to be on the sideline during a parabolic move. The total assets held is a small fraction of the pie, but it is increasing. We talk to institutional clients every day who are looking to trade across multiple venues with one click.



Synopsis: El Salvador president Nayib Bukele announced that Bitcoin will be accepted as legal tender in El Salvador.

Theme: Institutional adoption

Our take: One of the main blockers of Bitcoin being accepted as a currency has been its lack of use as a means of exchange—could this be a first step? The asset is too volatile to be used as a currency today, but if more states and companies being accepting Bitcoin that could help quell its volatility.



Synopsis: Representatives from America, India, El Salvador, and China have made headlines over the past week when it comes to regulating cryptocurrency.

Theme: Regulation

Our take: Creating headlines is easy, enacting and enforcing regulations is tough. This isn't the first time that China has banned cryptocurrency. We look forward to good faith efforts of all governments to create rational regulations to enable everyone to understand and follow the rules.



Synopsis: Cryptocurrency evangelist and former Fortress Investment Group and Goldman Sachs partner has called for more regulation on digital assets to boost investor confidence.

Theme: Regulation

Our take: A lack of clarity has kept institutions from seriously investing in the asset class. The most common thing we hear from our institutional clients is that the lack of clarity and clear guardrails is the biggest blocker from making a serious investment in the space.


About Mainbloq

Mainbloq is a data, research, and technology company focusing on blockchain and digital assets. Mainbloq offers a suite of trading tools, including smart order routing and trading algorithms for hedge funds, traders, and some of the world’s largest banks. For more information visit

Crypto News Headlines — June 7th 2021

Here are the top digital assets news from the weekend.


After being an outspoken advocate for Bitcoin Musk has cooled on Bitcoin calling it destructive to the environment and discontinuing Tesla's short-lived acceptance of Bitcoin as payment for cars. Anonymous has called out musk and has demanded he stops meddling in cryptocurrency.


After listing on Coinbase this week Coinbase is giving away over $1MM in Dogecoin to any user who opts-in to sweepstakes and trades (buys or sells) at least $100 worth of the coin.


Fidelity investments has raised $102MM from investors in the first nine months since launching the fund according to SEC filings. This makes the fund one of the largest after Pantera, Galaxy and NYDIG.

About Mainbloq

Mainbloq is a data, research, and technology company focusing on blockchain and digital assets. Mainbloq offers a suite of trading tools, including smart order routing and trading algorithms for hedge funds, traders, and some of the world’s largest banks. For more information visit

IBM Webcast: digital asset custody client conversations with the MainBloq

As you may have read, we’ve partnered with IBM to deliver best-in-class security for our clients and partners. We’re thrilled to announce we have been invited to participate in a blockchain webcast

We’ll be discussing digital asset trading—how it has evolved over the years, where it is going, and how the players are changing

JOIN US with IBM on Wed, Nov 4, 2020 2:00 PM CET (8:00 AM EST)



Speaking With MainBloq Co-Founder Ryan Kuiken

MainBloq is a leading institutional-grade, digital asset, performance trading technology. Integrating via API directly into our customers' front ends and communicating via FIX, we are able to provide an unparalleled trading experience. Our capabilities include customization of complex algorithmic trading strategies as well as out of the box configurable algorithms and strategies.




Andrea Corbelli, IBM Global Technical Lead 

Andrea Corbelli is an IBM technical leader, working with large enterprises, government agencies, and Fintech companies in projects for Blockchain, Digital Asset Custody, Hybrid Cloud, Data Security & Privacy. After starting his career in IBM as UNIX and Linux IT specialist, he held several positions as technical manager in Italy, Europe, and at the global level, leading IBM professionals in technical sales, lab services, and client centers roles, to help clients in designing their Infrastructure Architecture for Digital Transformation.





Peter DeMeo, Head of IBM Hyper Protect Digital Assets Platform, IBM Systems

Peter globally leads IBM Systems technology solutions for crypto assets to power institutional digital asset custody, exchange wallets, and tokenization solutions requiring advanced secure private key management. Peter is responsible for market development, technology roadmaps, and building sales and services infrastructure. As a certified design thinking facilitator, Peter also helps clients enhance their solution’s capabilities by leveraging IBM’s Hyper Protect Services on-premise and on the IBM Cloud. Peter is a regular speaker at blockchain conferences. Prior to his relocation to the Asia Pacific from Washington DC in 2013, he was practice leader for Enterprise Architecture, including the divisions large scale software development efforts and IT strategy consulting for US Federal clients including the Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Depository and Trust Corporation, Department of Defense, and  Department of Homeland Security. He was also a contributing author to enterprise architecture publication: Coherency Management: Architecting the Enterprise for Alignment, Agility, and Assurance (2009).


Colin PLATT, Independent consultant for DLT and cryptocurrency

Colin has worked in distributed ledger technology and cryptocurrencies since 2013, launching efforts at BNP Paribas Global Markets, where he sat on DLT focused industry steering committees, including R3, the Post-Trade Distributed Ledger working group (PTDL), and FIX cryptocurrency working group. He became a technology entrepreneur in early 2016, initially working with digital asset derivatives. He has been the co-host of the  Blockchain Insider podcast since 2017 (1.2m+ downloads). Currently an independent consultant for DLT and cryptocurrency, Colin works with a  wide range of companies from start-ups to UK and US blue-chip companies,  as well as government and industry consortium. He recently led a 40+ digital asset working group of financial institutions in Europe and  North America, in collaboration with R3. Colin is a regular cryptocurrency conference speaker and panelist, and has been featured in the Financial Times, BBC Radio, the Block Crypto, Coindesk; quoted in Reuters, the New York Times, Capital (France), Risk Magazine, and  Banking Tech. Prior to his involvement in cryptocurrencies, Colin held roles in business transformation, and structured product marketing at  BNP Paribas in Paris, London, and New York. He holds a Masters in Finance from EDHEC Business School in France, and Bachelor's in Business Administration from Jönköping International Business School in Sweden.

4 Cryptocurrency trading charts to trade smart on the Mainbloq

We have a lot of data here at Mainbloq and we believe that the more data we can supply to our customers the better decisions they can make when they trade. Today we’re thrilled the release some of that data to EVERYONE with Mainbloq Charts.

Our charts showcase some of the data we have as actionable information. Mainbloq is an all-in-one platform for digital assets providing a suite of tools to consolidate real-time data across multiple venues, and to translate data into information and algorithms for best execution of user-defined trading strategies.

Read below to see descriptions of the charts we have available for your use. To see our charts go to

Order Book Live View

With this chart you can see where market depth is currently quoted.  The venues are color coded and displayed in pie charts for bids and asks, as well as a depth chart.  All prices are normalized to the “stable price”, which accounts for the exchange rate of the stable coins.

How to use it:

  • Enter Currency Pair and press go
  • Use mouse to zoom in Combined Depth  (you can reset zoom)

Historic Volatility Explorer

With this chart you can explore the historic volatility of an asset. Volatility is an important measure to inform trading decisions indicating the potential price variability over time.

See the trends in historic volatility alongside price movements. Recalculate the Historic Volatility with differently sized dolling windows to smooth or enhance details.

How to use it:

  • Adjust Slider to re-scale rolling window of calculating volatility
  • Switch between Log and Linear Scales
  • Pan with Date Range selector at bottom to Zoom to area of interest

Volatility Distribution

With this chart you can explore how volatility is distributed. We take the daily historical volatility distribution, compared with Kernel density and the normal distribution.

How to use it:

Slide the time window to see how volatility has been decreasing over the years, in crypto.

Volatility by hour

With this chart you can explore the volatility of an asset by hour in the day.

Time is based on UTC (London) and it looks at last 10 weeks of data (more data is available with subscription)

How to use it:

Red line = mean

Box top/bottom = 1 standard deviation

Tails = 2 standard deviations

Dots = outliers (capped at 300%)

Here come the crypto trading algorithms

After spending a few decades on the street I got to see first-hand how the trading algorithm revolution lead to sophisticated and complex strategies that were necessary to execute trades efficiently and effectively. This revolution is coming to cryptocurrency.

First, let’s define what a trading algorithm is—simply put, algorithms are a method of executing orders using a set of rules based on a multitude of dimensions (volume, time, venue) in order to fan out orders to accomplish certain objectives (speed, secrecy, price).

The most important thing to remember is that not all algos are created equal. That’s why we’ve assembled a team of street veterans with experience crafting algorithms for some of the most successful shops.

Our algorithms include a blend of well-established algorithms along with custom algorithms created by our team. Unlike most existing cryptocurrency algorithms, all of our algorithms execute across multiple venues. Our algorithms can be blended according to each individual trader’s strategy.


  • BASKET - Executes multiple trades of multiple coins simultaneously and over a period of time using TWAP or other time-based strategies.
  • TWAP (Time Weighted Average Price) -  Executes trades evenly over a specified time period
  • VWAP (Volume Weighted Average Price) - Executes trades evenly based on trading volume.
  • THOR - Executes one order across multiple venues so they arrive at each venue at the same time to minimize market impact.
  • ICEBERG - Executes orders in random slice sizes over a period of time over multiple venues to minimize market impact.
  • Pairs Trades - Executes two trades of individual coins while maintaining a balance between the long and the short side of the trade.
  • IWAP (Information Weight Average Price) - A custom Mainbloq algorithm that trades in windows of fixed notional while varying the duration.
  • ISR (Implementation Shortfall Reducer) - A custom Mainbloq algorithm that reduces slippage and balances market impact by controlling the rate of execution.


These algorithms are just the start. We’re crafting sophisticated strategies to ensure our clients can execute effectively and efficiently. We also work with our clients to create tailored algorithms so they can execute their trading strategies.

Our mission at Mainbloq is to bring the sophistication of traditional finance to digital assets. Our streaming smart order router is the most efficient way to trade cryptocurrencies across multiple exchanges. Our algorithms help traders execute their strategies smarter. You might be thinking, what comes next? You’ll just have to wait and see...

Mainbloq launches Streaming Smart Order Router for trading cryptocurrency

We are thrilled to officially release our first "TradeBloq" module which is the first of its kind, and a critical part of the infrastructure needed for the digital asset markets to scale efficiently.

- Mainbloq offers best execution to sophisticated digital asset traders through their xSOR Smart Order Router which has direct, streaming connections to exchanges for the fastest and best execution.

- Their Smart Order Router is live and currently trading cryptocurrency for their clients.

- Each client receives a dedicated Smart Order Router to execute from.

- The Smart Order Router can be used stand-alone or can be integrated into other trading platforms via API.

Mainbloq launched their Streaming Smart Order Router for trading digital assets. The Router has direct market access via streaming connections to exchanges enabling the fastest execution. It executes cross-exchange trades for the best price with the click of one button.

"We've heard a lot of the other platforms talk about their plans to build a Smart Order Router," said CEO Peter Bordes, "but we are live today and know we have the best, most sophisticated technology. Our system is built by a team of Wall Street trading veterans looking to bring the sophistication of the street to digital assets."

"Not all smart order routers are created equal," said CIO Marc Deveaux, "The purpose of a Smart Order Router is best execution, so if you're using a third party servers and APIs you're already behind. We create direct, streaming connections to exchanges to snipe as quickly as possible. Our process for normalizing data is unparalleled."

Mainbloq's Smart Order Router currently has connections to over 100 exchanges and can trade over 30,000 currency pairs.

"This is just the beginning," said Peter Bordes. "We're building a best-in-class cloud-based modular platform joining data, tools, research, and insights for digital assets. It's time that crypto got more sophisticated."

About Mainbloq
Mainbloq is a data, research, and technology company focusing on blockchain and digital assets. Their streaming Smart Order Router gives clients access to cross-exchange pools of liquidity with direct, streaming connections to exchanges for the fastest and best execution. Mainbloq offers a cloud-based modular platform, and suite of trading algorithms, the ability for clients to integrate their own algorithms, and consulting services to help client's execute on their trading strategies. Mainbloq is building the best-in-class platform for researching and trading digital assets. For more information visit

Ryan Kuiken 
VP, Sales and Business Development

Future of Cryptocurrency: A Complete Overview

Today, crypto-currencies have become a worldwide phenomenon known to most people.

Banks, governments and many companies are aware of its importance. Industries from E-commerce development companies, Fintech to logistics, and digital marketing are all trying to justify its importance their use of crypto-currencies, even if they are still a little geeky and misunderstood by most people, but banks, governments, and many businesses are aware of its importance as a global digital transformation layer.

What is cryptocurrency?

The term cryptocurrency refers to cryptology and currency of course. Here, the term crypto reminds us of the Greek word Kruptos which means hidden. Moreover, it is used in the prefix to designate hidden or little-known practices as in cryptozoology. Be careful however, cryptocurrency does not mean hidden currency! Transparency is what makes this system a rolling business, we will come back to it later. Here, we speak of crypto in the sense that the information relating to the holders of funds is not retained by any "governing entity". Nobody will remember your personal details.

What are cryptocurrencies for?

Cryptocurrencies are used as fiduciary money in general. They circulate for the payment of goods and services abroad according to the value which they are attributed. These values are of course predefined and are influenced by the popularity of cryptocurrency on the market. It should be known that cryptocurrencies that are losing popularity are also losing their value. The more cryptocurrency you have, the more you will be able to buy goods and services payable by this virtual currency. One YouTuber even experienced living with bitcoin cryptocurrency for 30 days and he kept his bet except in public transport.

So, Cryptocurrency allows you to pay your rent, food, clothes, and much more if you go to sellers or renters who use it as an official bargaining chip. If you travel to the US for example, you will be able to fully enjoy the bitcoins you've saved recently. Aside from that, cryptocurrencies are also put on sale. To get some, you will have to buy some.

However, it is possible to obtain it by other means, but so far it is the most adopted way in the world to have it. When you bought your cryptocurrency, you should always check the prices before spending them. Just to be vigilant, the best is to make sure you have real values before you do anything. Indeed, if you spend your virtual currencies when they lose in value you will be well disappointed. So, between buying and spending your cryptocurrency, you always have to be aware of trends.

There is no cryptocurrency without mining

For virtual currencies to circulate, they must be verified. A competent institution must be able to verify each transaction to attest to the reality of the value circulating. In a classic world, audits are done by banks and various financial institutions. If we want to withdraw money from our bank card for example, the bank will check our available balance before granting us the amount we ask to have. In the field of cryptocurrencies, verifications are done on the blockchain or block chains. In addition, the blockchain is a set of calculators that take note of all cryptocurrency transactions that have been made since the very beginning.

Whatever type of cryptocurrency we use, transactions will be recorded on the blockchain. In this network, each transaction forms a block and all transactions are visible to the general public. As the demand for computing power increases day by day, the blockchain must be supported by third-party computers. It can be you or me as anyone ready to lend the power of its processor to strengthen the system. Indeed, as all transactions are peer-to-peer exchanges must be followed closely by calculators.

This is where mining comes in. So people who are willing to mine to help the network register on a mining platform. Then, they will simply lend the computing power of their computer so that the cryptocurrency network can work. In mining, minors receive a percentage in cryptocurrency. Generally, the miners receive Ethereum but they can exchange them in bitcoin.

Why are cryptocurrencies so popular?

Cryptocurrencies began to invade the world of Internet users in 2013. Talking about bitcoin has become commonplace and winning Ethereum, ripple, Cardano, Bitcoin Cash and so on, has become normal. Of course, the trend is not yet global, but it is beginning to take over internationally. So, why are cryptocurrencies so fashionable? People who use cryptocurrency rely heavily on the value of each token (cryptocurrency unit) they use. But above all, cryptocurrencies are gaining value because they do not depend on any central bank in the world. Then, they greatly facilitate online payments because the exchanges are done with almost 0 fees.

Cryptocurrency is also fashionable because it cannot be counterfeited. Indeed, thanks to the blockchain and the different strategies of hashing, it is almost impossible to usurp the tokens. Moreover, as everything is virtual and not related to government organizations and institutions, there are no coins or notes to counterfeit.

Aside from this craze for values that do not depend on government, cryptocurrencies are also fashionable because they are very easy to transfer. Indeed, it only takes a few minutes to receive or issue tokens. Linked to this, costs are lower and ceilings are not defined. So, crypto coins are fashionable because they are easy to use, they can have great value and they are not conditioned by intermediaries. Everything is in the ease of manipulation of the values. It is a kind of international value that can be used more freely and in addition, is not taxable.

How to buy and trade cryptocurrencies?

To have cryptocurrency, nothing easier. Go to a sales site or broker to buy the cryptocurrency that interests you. Among the most well-known brokers are Coinbase, Coinhouse, etoroBinance, Kraken, and Livecoin. When you buy cryptocurrency, the broker will take a commission, verify your identity, and deliver the token according to its price.

Cryptocurrency trading To invest in cryptocurrency, many people opt for trading. Trading cryptocurrency is an activity that is gaining more and more ground because it allows you to earn money very quickly. However, the price of each token can vary in seconds so it is very important to stay alert. Vigilance is the order of the day, so you should pay attention to the curves disclosed by the trading sites when you enter this field.

There are several cryptocurrency trading sites on the net. you just have to register to be active and start the investment with a minimum of funds ($ 1 can do the trick). If you want to trade cryptocurrency, train yourself first. You must acquire the basics and know the weak points and strengths of each token. Do not run away on Bitcoin. While it is prosperous but is not always advisable unless the day of trading is conducive.  It would be best to see YouTube tutorials, get in touch with regulars or just take classes. In short, find out a minimum to avoid unpleasant surprises. If you are lucky enough to be perfect self-taught and have affinities with the business world however, getting started on the job might be interesting.

In any case, cryptocurrency trading is like traditional trading. So, if you are an informed trader, you can also get started without worrying about training. Only, do the necessary to know the value of each token. Be shielded vis-à-vis knowledge. Take the time to read introductory pages of the most valuable tokens and even those with a definite future in the market.    

Training to understand and make money with cryptocurrencies

It is possible to train in cryptocurrency to know them better. Several sites dedicated to the field offer training dedicated to the tokens and the best ways to invest them. It is mainly about trading but you would have the best bases by registering on these sites. Even if you do not know anything about cryptocurrencies, you can, of course, register on these sites.

The advantage of integrating online communities that form is the ability to make applications faster. If you are not too interested in these communities, you can always train directly with the people advised. By registering with Crypto Revolution, for example, you will be able to find different reasons to invest in the cryptocurrencies. You will actually learn how the system works.  You will even be able to find the interest of investing in altcoin or rather altcoins.

Indeed, it is not just bitcoins on the market in terms of payment cryptocurrency. Altcoins or "alternative bitcoins" represent a growing value and you have to find out. Learn the different facets of all these tokens by forming yourself. This is the best advice you can get if you plan to put your money in the cryptocurrency.

How crypto-currencies have become so important

Few people know this, but crypto-currencies have emerged as a by-product of another invention. Satoshi Nakamoto, the unknown inventor of Bitcoin, the first and ever-largest cryptocurrency, has never intended to invent a currency. His goal was to invent something; many people have failed to create digital currency before. The most important part of Satoshi's invention was that he found a way to build a decentralized digital currency system. In the 1990s, there were many attempts to create digital money, but they all failed.

After seeing all centralized attempts fail, Satoshi tried to build a digital currency system without a central entity. Like a Peer-to-Peer network for file sharing. This decision gave birth to cryptocurrency. Satoshi found the missing coins to make digital cash. The reason is a bit technical and complex, but if you understand it, you'll know more about cryptocurrencies than most people.

So, let's try to make things as easy as possible. To make digital currency or cryptocurrency, you need a payment network with accounts, balances, and transactions. It's easy to understand. A major problem that every payment network has to solve is to avoid what is called the double expense: to prevent an entity from spending twice the same amount. Usually, this is done by a central server that keeps a balance register.

In a decentralized network, you do not have this server. So you need each network entity to do this work. Each peer in the network must have a list of all transactions to check if future transactions are valid or if they are attempting to split a transaction. But how can these entities maintain consensus on these recordings?

If network peers do not agree on a single balance, no matter how small, everything is compromised. They need an absolute consensus. Usually, you take, once again, a central authority to declare the correct status of the balances. But how to reach a consensus without a central authority? Nobody knew it until Satoshi came out of nowhere. In fact, nobody thought it was even possible. Satoshi proved it was. Its main innovation has been to reach a consensus without a central authority. Crypto-currencies are part of this solution - the component that has made the solution exciting, fascinating, and has helped it spread around the world.

Miners create money and confirm transactions

Let's look at the mechanism that governs crypto-currency databases. A cryptocurrency like Bitcoin consists of a network of peers. Each pair has a record of the complete history of all transactions and therefore the balance of each account. A transaction is a file that says "Bob gives X Bitcoin to Alice" and is signed by Bob's private key. This is basic public key cryptography, nothing special at all. After the signature, a transaction is broadcast on the network, sent from one peer to another. This is the basic p2p (peer-to-peer) technology. Nothing special, again. The transaction is known almost immediately by the entire network. But it is only after a certain time that it is confirmed.

Confirmation is a critical concept for crypto-currencies. One could say that crypto-currencies are essentially a question of confirmation. As long as a transaction is not confirmed, it is pending and may be counterfeit. When a transaction is confirmed, it is engraved in stone. It is no longer falsifiable, it can not be reversed, it is part of an immutable record of historical transactions: the so-called blockchain.

Only minors can confirm transactions. It's their job in a cryptocurrency network. They take the transactions, mark them as legitimate and broadcast them in the network. After a transaction is confirmed by a minor, each node must add it to its database. She is now part of the blockchain. For this work, minors are rewarded with a token of cryptocurrency, for example with Bitcoins. Since the activity of the minor is the most important part of the cryptocurrency system, we should dwell there for a moment and take a closer look.

What are cryptocurrency miners doing concretely?

In principle, everyone can be minor. Since a decentralized network does not have the power to delegate this task, a cryptocurrency needs a mechanism to prevent a dominant party from abusing it. Imagine that someone creates thousands of peers and spreads fake transactions. The system would disorganize immediately.

Thus, Satoshi has established the rule that miners need to invest some of the work of their computers to qualify for this task. In fact, they have to find a hash - a product of a cryptographic function - that connects the new block to its predecessor. This is called Proof-of-Work. For Bitcoin, it is based on the SHA 256 Hash algorithm.

You do not need to understand the details of SHA 256. It is only important that you know that it is the basis of a cryptological puzzle that miners compete to solve. After finding a solution, a minor can build a block and add it to the blockchain. As an incentive, he has the right to add a transaction called "coinbase" which gives him a specific number of Bitcoins. This is the only way to create valid Bitcoins. Bitcoins can only be created if minors solve a cryptographic puzzle. Since the difficulty of this puzzle increases the power level of the computer that the miner has to provide, there is only a specific amount of cryptocurrency token that can be created in a given amount of time. This is part of the consensus that no network peer can transgress.

Revolutionary properties of crypto-currencies

If you think about it, Bitcoin, as a decentralized network of peers that maintain a consensus on accounts and balances, is more of a currency than the numbers you see in your bank account. What are these numbers more than database entries - a database that can be edited by people you do not see and by rules you do not know? Basically, crypto-currencies are token entries in decentralized consensus databases.

They are called CRYPTO currencies because the consensus maintenance process is secured by strong cryptography. Crypto-currencies are built on cryptography. They are not guaranteed by people or by trust, but by mathematics. An asteroid is more likely to fall on your house than a bitcoin address is compromised. To describe the properties of crypto-currencies, we have to separate the transactional and monetary properties. Although most crypto-currencies share a set of common properties, they are not engraved in stone.

Transactional properties Irreversible: After confirmation, a transaction cannot be canceled. Per person, and nobody means nobody. Neither you, nor your bank, nor the President of the United States, nor Satoshi, nor your minor. Nobody. If you send money, you send it. Nobody can help you, if you sent your funds to a scammer or if a hacker stole them from your computer. There is no safety net.

Pseudo-Anonymous: Neither transactions nor accounts are linked to real-world identities. You receive Bitcoins on so-called addresses, which are strings of about thirty characters that seem random. Although it is generally possible to analyze the flow of transactions, it is not necessarily possible to relate the real identity of users to these addresses.

Fast and global: Transactions are spread almost instantly across the network and confirmed in minutes. Because they occur in a global network of computers, they are completely indifferent to your physical location. It does not matter if I send Bitcoin to my neighbor or someone on the other side of the world.

Secure: Cryptocurrency funds are locked in a public key cryptography system. Only the owner of the private key can send cryptocurrency. Strong cryptography and the magic of large numbers makes it impossible to break this pattern. A Bitcoin address is safer than Fort Knox.

Without permission: You do not need to ask anyone to use cryptocurrency. This is the only software that everyone can download for free. After installing it, you can receive and send Bitcoins or other crypto-currencies. Nobody can stop you. There is no guard.

Cryptocurrencies: the dawn of a new economy Due mainly to their revolutionary properties, crypto-currencies have become a success. Their inventor, Satoshi Nakamoto, did not venture to dream of it. While all other attempts to create a digital currency system did not attract a critical mass of users, Bitcoin had something that provoked enthusiasm and fascination. Sometimes it's more like religion than technology. Cryptocurrencies are digital gold. A healthy currency and free from political influence. Money that promises to preserve and increase its value over time. Cryptocurrencies are also a fast and convenient means of payment with a global reach, and they are sufficiently private and anonymous to serve as a means of payment for black markets and other illegal economic activity.

The 5 largest capitalization crypto-currencies

Bitcoin - The first cryptocurrency. The one and only, the first and most famous cryptocurrency. Bitcoin serves as a digital gold standard throughout the cryptocurrency industry. It is used as a means of global payment and is de facto the currency of cybercrime such as darknet markets or ransomware.

Ethereum - The reference cryptocurrency. The concept of young Vitalik Buterin rose to second place in the cryptocurrency hierarchy. Unlike Bitcoin, its blockchain not only validates a set of accounts and balances but also so-called states. This means that Ethereum can not only process transactions, but also complex contracts and programs. This flexibility makes Ethereum the perfect instrument for blockchain application. But that has a cost. After the hack of the DAO - a smart Ethereum-based contract - the developers decided to make a solid fork without consensus, which resulted in the emergence of Ethereum Classic. In addition to that, there are several Ethereum clones, and Ethereum itself is a host of several Tokens like DigixDAO and Augur. This makes Ethereum a family of crypto-currencies rather than a single currency.

Ripple - A cryptocurrency for finance. Perhaps the least popular - or most hated - project in the cryptocurrency community is Ripple. While Ripple has a native cryptocurrency - XRP - it's more of a network for dealing with IOUs than cryptocurrency itself. XRP, the currency, is not used to store and exchange value, but rather to protect the network against spam. Banks, however, seem to like Ripple. In any case, they are adopting the system at an increasing pace.

Litecoin - A lighter cryptocurrency. Litecoin was one of the first crypto-currencies after Bitcoin and was labeled as silver compared to digital gold bitcoin. Faster than Bitcoin, with a larger amount of token and a new mining algorithm, Litecoin was a true innovation, perfectly suited to be the smallest brother of bitcoin. "It has facilitated the emergence of several other crypto-currencies that have used its code base but made it even lighter." Examples are Dogecoin or Feathercoin. While Litecoin failed to find a real use case and lost its second place after Bitcoin, it is still actively developed and exchanged and is stored as a backup in case Bitcoin fails.

Monero - An anonymous cryptocurrency. Monero is the most important example of the cryptonite algorithm. This algorithm was invented to add the missing privacy features to Bitcoin. If you use Bitcoin, every transaction is documented in the blockchain and the transaction trace can be tracked. With the introduction of a concept called ring signature, the cryptonite algorithm has been able to break out of this path.In addition to these, there are hundreds of crypto-currencies of several families. Most of them are nothing more than attempts to reach investors and make quick money, but many promise playgrounds to test innovations in cryptocurrency technology.

What is the future of cryptocurrency? The cryptocurrency market is fast and wild. Almost every day, new crypto-currencies appear, old ones die, first-time adopters get richer and investors lose money. Every cryptocurrency comes with a promise, most of the time a great story to change the world.

Few survive the first few months, and most are pushed and abandoned immediately by speculators and live like zombie coins until the last of the holders loses hope of seeing a return on his investment. The markets are dirty. But that does not change the fact that crypto-currencies are here to stay - and here to change the world. It's already happening. People around the world are buying Bitcoin to protect themselves against the devaluation of their national currency. Especially in Asia, a live market for Bitcoin remittances has emerged, and Bitcoins using darknets of cybercrime are flourishing.

More and more companies are discovering the power of smart contracts or tokens on Ethereum, the first real application of blockchain technologies. The revolution is already underway. Institutional investors are starting to buy cryptocurrencies. Banks and governments are realizing that this invention has the potential to make them lose control. Crypto-currencies change the world. Step by step. You can both sit beside and watch - or you can be part of the story being worked on.

How to effectively anticipate the price of bitcoin? 

Let's discuss some effective ways to predict the price of bitcoin for day trading. There are basically two methods for forecasting bitcoin prices using.

  • Fundamental analysis - a method of valuing a security that entails attempting to measure its intrinsic value by examining related economic, financial and other qualitative and quantitative factors.
  • Technical analysis - a trading discipline employed to evaluate investments and identify trading opportunities by analyzing statistical trends gathered from trading activity, such as price movement and volume.

In conclusion

Cryptocurrency is a very broad subject, but more or less easy to understand. Cryptocurrency is being used little by little in today's society.  If major financial institutions fear the rise of these virtual values, we must place some confidence in the practice. In addition, cryptocurrencies can be converted into currency according to their nature. So, they are another way to make sure investments.  Only, there is no point in rushing. It is necessary to take the time to get information and training because the area can be quite delicate as the value of the tokens varies from minute to minute.

Crypto-Fracking: Why advanced smart order routing is the next frontier for crypto

The power of smart order routing infrastructure on the cryptocurrency markets is exponential... and necessary.

Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking, is a process where a pressurized liquid is injected into rocks forming tiny fractures to allow petroleum and natural gas to flow freely in order to extract it. There is debate over its impact on the environment, but there is no doubt it has revolutionized global energy. Fracking has created the ability to extract oil and gas where it was not possible before—it has literally created more liquidity in energy. Smart Order Routing can do the same for digital assets.

Traders looking to buy and sell cryptocurrencies at the best price need to traverse dozens of exchanges and chip away their position with no guarantee that they’re getting the best price at the moment they execute their trades. There is a better way.

At Mainbloq we’ve integrated a Streaming Smart Order Router into our TradeBloq execution management system that solves these problems. With the press of one button trades are executed across multiple exchanges to ensure the best price. Our SOR has direct, streaming connections to all of the major exchanges ensuring trades are executed faster than anyone else. Smart order routing reduces slippage since all trades executed near simultaneously, the market making bots don't have time to widen the spreads when they spot a large trade.

Before fracking, oil and natural gas could only be extracted from large, easily accessible wells. Fracking recalibrated the economics of extracting energy from smaller, less accessible sources. The same applied to digital assets—it wasn’t feasible for sophisticated traders to efficiently make large trades—that changes today. Our Smart Order Router gives traders the ability to press one button and extract slices of liquidity across dozens of exchanges and currency pairs, at the best price.

Smart Order Routing is just one small piece of what we’re creating at MainBloq. We’re building a best-in-class cloud-based modular platform joining data, tools, research, and insights for digital assets. It’s time that cryptocurrency got more sophisticated.

Ready to trade smarter on the MainBloq +Schedule a Demo